# pump efficiency head and discharge

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• ### Pump Head vs Discharge Pressure (Easy explanation and ...

2017-8-10 · Head is useful because it evaluates a pump’s capacity to do a job. If you have to pump a liquid up to 10m and your pump doesn’t have at least 10m of head, then there is no chance it will work. Your pump will need at least 10m plus the friction loss to get the required flow at the discharge point.

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• ### (PDF) Energy Efficiency in Pump System - ResearchGate

2010-8-2 · • Static discharge head (hD) vertical distance . between centerline and liquid surface in . ... Pump Efficiency = -----Power input to the pump shaft. Where, Hydraulic power P h (kW ...

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• ### What is Pump Head – Performance Curve of Centrifugal

2019-5-22 · Pump Head – Performance Curve. In fluids dynamics the term pump head is used to measure the kinetic energy which a pump creates. Head is a measurement of the height of the incompressible fluid column the pump could create from the kinetic energy, that the pump gives to the liquid. The head and flow rate determine the performance of a pump, which is graphically …

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• ### Pump Efficiency - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Bernd Stoffel, in Assessing the Energy Efficiency of Pumps and Pump Units, 2015. The pump efficiency η BEP at the point of best efficiency (BEP) is determined by the total energy losses that arise in a pump. These total losses originate from various individual losses of different physical nature. Of particular importance are through-flow losses and disc friction losses.

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• ### Pump Characteristics and ISO Efficiency Curves: Impact On ...

2018-4-15 · at other heads and pressures, at less than the optimum efficiency. • Pump manufacturers generate discharge versus head curves for each pump along with similar curves for discharge versus power and discharge versus efficiency. These curves are generated in test facilities to various national and international

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• ### Experiment #10: Pumps – Applied Fluid Mechanics Lab

2014-1-7 · As noted previously, pump characteristic curves illustrate the relationship between head, discharge, efficiency and power over a wide range of possible operating conditions, but they do not indicate at which point on the curves the pump will operate. The operating point (or duty point) is

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• ### Experiment (9): Centrifugal pump Introduction

2021-5-12 · where, P is power (MW), η is turbine efficiency (%), Q is discharge (ft 3 /s), and H is head (ft). For this example let us assume (incorrectly) that the efficiency factor is constant, while discharge and head vary over the course of a day, yielding different power output.

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• ### Pump Efficiency - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

Bernd Stoffel, in Assessing the Energy Efficiency of Pumps and Pump Units, 2015. The pump efficiency η BEP at the point of best efficiency (BEP) is determined by the total energy losses that arise in a pump. These total losses originate from various individual losses of different physical nature. Of particular importance are through-flow losses and disc friction losses.

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• ### Pump Characteristics and ISO Efficiency Curves: Impact On ...

2018-4-15 · Session One: Pump Characteristics and ISO Efficiency Curves PUMPS: Maintenance, Design, and Reliability Conference 2009 – IDC Technologies 4 The flow/discharge versus head/pressure curve for each of the impellers along with the

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• ### What Factors Affect Pump Efficiency? | Pumps & Systems

2020-7-16 · When reviewing a pump curve for this type of pump, it will likely include an efficiency derating for low stage counts. An additional consideration for these types of pumps is that the overall efficiency will be less than the bowl assembly efficiency due to hydraulic losses in the column piping, discharge elbow losses and bearing losses.

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• ### Experiment #10: Pumps – Applied Fluid Mechanics Lab

Pumping head versus discharge, Brake horsepower (input power) versus discharge, and; Efficiency versus discharge. Figure 10.2: Typical centrifugal pump performance curves at constant impeller rotation speed. The units for H and Q are arbitrary. The characteristic curves of commercial pumps are provided by manufacturers.

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• ### How Discharge Piping Affects Pump Performance | Pumps ...

2020-5-8 · How does discharge piping impact pump performance and reliability? A pump’s outlet (discharge) piping flow characteristics normally will not affect the performance and reliability of a pump, with a few exceptions. In some cases, sudden valve closures can cause excessively high pressure spikes (surge or water hammer) to be reflected back to the pump, possibly causing damage to the pump …

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• ### Pump Design Equations Formulas Calculator Discharge

flow rate or discharge: H = total head: n = pump efficiency: BHP = brake horsepower: NPSH = net positive suction head: V = velocity of fluid or liquid: p = impeller inlet pressure: p v = vapor pressure of fluid or liquid: SW = specific weight of fluid or liquid: g = acceleration of gravity

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• ### CENTRIFUGAL PUMP (Advanced) – AMARINE

2017-7-19 · Constant horsepower, efficiency, and NPSHr lines are plotted over the various head curves. In above example, we assume that we have this pump with an impeller diameter of 7” operating at 3540RPM and a flow rate of 48m³/h. Therefore we can read from the diagram the pump’s current efficiency, head, required power as well as the NPSHr.

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• ### How to Read a Pump Curve: Complete Guide

2020-11-17 · For example, while the middle of the pump efficiency curve is generally where a pump is operating at maximum efficiency in terms of pressure and flow rate, moving right on the curve above shows an increase in horsepower needed to maintain a flow rate as head increases. For example, 2 hp is required for a flow rate of 40 gpm with 80 feet of head ...

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• ### Vertical Turbine Pumps - Lenntech

Discharge Heads The discharge head functions to change the direction of flow from vertical to horizontal and to couple the pump to the system piping in addition to supporting and aligning the driver. Discharge head accommodates all types of driver …

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• ### Vertical Turbine Pump - Flowserve Pump Division

2014-9-16 · the discharge head for final align-ment of the pump and motor shafts Polished Steel Lineshaft,in AISI C-1045 for maximum strength and reliablility, transmits the torque from the motor to the bowl shaft and impeller.Other shaft materials are provided to suit application Enclosing Tube Stabilizer is integrally welded to the column pipe to ...

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• ### Pump Efficiency Calculation Tool - tea.ie

2011-5-13 · The Static Discharge Head is the vertical distance between the centreline of the pump discharge outlet and the waterline of the reservoir or final destination that the system is pumping to. If the reservoir is above the pump the value is positive; in the unlikely event that the reservoir is below the pump, the value is negative.

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Efficiency—When Is Efficiency Important ...

2012-6-19 · The power required by a pump is directly proportional to both the flow and the head that it produces. As flow and/or head increase(s) so does the power required. Conversely, power is inversely proportional to hydraulic efficiency. For the same flow and head, an increase in efficiency reduces the power requirement.

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• ### Pump Characteristics and ISO Efficiency Curves: Impact On ...

2018-4-15 · Session One: Pump Characteristics and ISO Efficiency Curves PUMPS: Maintenance, Design, and Reliability Conference 2009 – IDC Technologies 4 The flow/discharge versus head/pressure curve for each of the impellers along with the

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• ### Pump Efficiency | Robertson Technology

F discharge recirculation. G low bearing and seal life. H cavitation. Curve 1 pump curve H(Q) Curve 2 pump efficiency curve. Curve 3 reliability curve/MTBF. X flow in percent of flow at BEP. Y head in percent of head at BEP . Extract from ISO/ASME standard 14414-2015 (Pump …

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• ### 6. PUMPS AND PUMPING SYSTEM - Bureau of Energy Efficiency

2017-9-8 · The Figure 6.10 below shows a typical vendor-supplied head-flow curve for a centrifugal pump. Pump head-flow curves are typically given for clear water. The choice of pump for a given application depends largely on how the pump head-flow characteristics match the requirement of the system downstream of the pump. 6. Pumps and Pumping System

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• ### Why does pump efficiency increase with flow rate? - G&D ...

2020-7-27 · This input power is the denominator in the efficiency equation. Shortly after the 100GPM mark head also begins to decrease. The numerator in the efficiency equation is the product of head and flow rate primarily. Though flow rate continues to increase, the rate that output power increases is stunted by the loss in head.

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• ### The Importance Of Best Efficiency Point (BEP) - Efficient ...

2013-5-15 · The BEP for a pump is similar (see Fig. 3). With the discharge valve closed (“dead head”) and zero flow, efficiency is zero. As the discharge valve opens (i.e., the discharge restriction is gradually reduced), flow and efficiency gradually increase, until the flow through the pump becomes more turbulent.

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• ### Drill Master: Pump Efficiency - Trenchless Technology

2005-2-1 · The case can be made that as fluid viscosity increases, the efficiency of the pump decreases. That is only a true statement if the drilling slurry cannot pass through the suction seat and fill the pumping chamber before the rotation of the crankshaft starts a discharge stroke on any given pumping chamber.

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Oral Question Bank

2021-5-17 · Friction Head – The loss in pressure or energy due to frictional losses inflow. Discharge Head – The outlet pressure of a pump in operation. Q.5) Explain various efficiencies in centrifugal pumps? The efficiency of a centrifugal pump is three types. Manometric efficiency ( ηman ) Mechanical efficiency ( ηm ) Overall efficiency ( ηo )

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• ### Calculating the Efficiency of Centrifugal Pumps| Sintech Blog

2020-12-7 · The pump efficiency plays a crucial factor in helping you choose the right pump for the job. A pump that isn't efficient cannot handle the job at hand. Also, comparing the pump's previous efficiencies to the current efficiency will help you understand if your pump is facing any troubles.

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Efficiency Calculation - Chemical ...

2016-10-27 · Centrifugal Pump Efficiency and Discharge Temperature. Actual Power required in pump can also be derived from Heat balance across the pump. Difference in Heat flow Outlet and Heat flow inlet is the actual power required for the pump. This indicates the fall in centrifugal pump efficiency increases the temperature of liquid at the pump discharge.

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Efficiency ~ ME Mechanical

Volumetric efficiency of a centrifugal pump (η v) is defined as the ratio of the actual flow rate delivered by the pump to the theoretical discharge flow rate (flow rate without any leakage) that must be produced by the pump. Volumetric efficiency can be used to determine the amount of loss of liquid due to leakage in a pump during the flow. 4 ...

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• ### Pump Efficiency | Robertson Technology

F discharge recirculation. G low bearing and seal life. H cavitation. Curve 1 pump curve H(Q) Curve 2 pump efficiency curve. Curve 3 reliability curve/MTBF. X flow in percent of flow at BEP. Y head in percent of head at BEP . Extract from ISO/ASME standard 14414-2015 (Pump …

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• ### Why does pump efficiency increase with flow rate? - G&D ...

2020-7-27 · This input power is the denominator in the efficiency equation. Shortly after the 100GPM mark head also begins to decrease. The numerator in the efficiency equation is the product of head and flow rate primarily. Though flow rate continues to increase, the rate that output power increases is stunted by the loss in head.

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• ### Experiment 9: Centrifugal Pump - Islamic University of Gaza

2013-4-25 · To create head, power and efficiency characteristic curves for a centrifugal pump. Theory One way of illustrating pump characteristics is to construct contour lines of constant power or efficiency on a graph of pump head plotted against pump discharge. These allow engineers to see the maximum efficiency of a pump

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• ### Energy Efficiency Considerations in Pumps and Pump Stations

Pump Selection – Seems Easy Head (feet) System curve Flow (gpm) 70 . 60 . 50 . 40 . 30 . 0 . 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 . 20 40 50 60 . 74 82 80 . 81 82 74 60 585 rpm . Looks great for peak design conditions. ... Improving Pump Efficiency ...

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• ### Pump Design Equations Formulas Calculator Brake

Pump calculator solving for brake horsepower given discharge or flow rate, efficiency and total head

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Oral Question Bank

2021-5-17 · Friction Head – The loss in pressure or energy due to frictional losses inflow. Discharge Head – The outlet pressure of a pump in operation. Q.5) Explain various efficiencies in centrifugal pumps? The efficiency of a centrifugal pump is three types. Manometric efficiency ( ηman ) Mechanical efficiency ( ηm ) Overall efficiency ( ηo )

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• ### Centrifugal Pumps - Engineering ToolBox

2021-5-7 · Dynamic Discharge Head - Head on discharge side of pump with pump on The head is measured in either feet or meters and can be converted to common units for pressure - like psi, Pa or bar. it is important to understand that the pump will pump all fluids to the same height if the shaft is turning at the same rpm

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• ### Calculate Total Dynamic Head for Industrial Pumps | March

2016-5-19 · Total Dynamic Head in an industrial pumping system is the total amount of pressure when water is flowing in a system. It is comprised of two parts: the vertical rise and friction loss. It is important to calculate this accurately in order to determine the correct sizing and scale of pumping equipment for your needs.

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• ### Pump Efficiency Curve - Info360 Help Documentation ...

Pump Efficiency Chart Example. The following chart shows the pump efficiency of the Hidden Hills Station Flow sensor along the head discharge curve. The chart shows that as you increase the x-axis, there is a decrease in the efficiency, or a negative slope.

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Efficiency Calculation - Chemical ...

2016-10-27 · Centrifugal Pump Efficiency and Discharge Temperature. Actual Power required in pump can also be derived from Heat balance across the pump. Difference in Heat flow Outlet and Heat flow inlet is the actual power required for the pump. This indicates the fall in centrifugal pump efficiency increases the temperature of liquid at the pump discharge.

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• ### Pumps and Pumping Stations

2016-4-3 · • Energy required by the pump depends on: – Discharge rate – Resistance to flow (head that the pump must overcome) – Pump efficiency (ratio of power entering fluid to power supplied to the pump) – Efficiency of the drive (usually an electric motor) 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 1 pump 2 2 L v p v p z H z H g g 2 L f minor f i 2 v H h h h K g

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Efficiency ~ ME Mechanical

Volumetric efficiency of a centrifugal pump (η v) is defined as the ratio of the actual flow rate delivered by the pump to the theoretical discharge flow rate (flow rate without any leakage) that must be produced by the pump. Volumetric efficiency can be used to determine the amount of loss of liquid due to leakage in a pump during the flow. 4 ...

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Oral Question Bank

2021-5-17 · Friction Head – The loss in pressure or energy due to frictional losses inflow. Discharge Head – The outlet pressure of a pump in operation. Q.5) Explain various efficiencies in centrifugal pumps? The efficiency of a centrifugal pump is three types. Manometric efficiency ( ηman ) Mechanical efficiency ( ηm ) Overall efficiency ( ηo )

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• ### How to Read a Pump Curve for Centrifugal Pumps |

2018-9-24 · Centrifugal Pump curves show 8 important factors that are critical in selecting the right pump for your application. These factors are: Flow, Head, Impeller Trim Diameter, Efficiency, Power, NPSHR, MCSF (Minimum Continuous Stable Flow) and RPM. The Pump curve also displays the Pump model, the Pump size and number of stages for multi-stage pumps.

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• ### Which factors affect the head (the pressure ... - BLDC PUMP

2021-5-14 · The pump structure can also affect the head (the pressure) of the pump: when we reduce the inner diameter of the pump outlet, it can increase the head (the pressure) of the pump, at the meanwhile decrease its flow rate. And vice versa. Therefore, under the premise of a specific power, the head of the pump is inversely proportional to its flow rate.

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• ### Energy losses and efficiency of centrifugal pump

2017-12-27 · Total Dynamic Head (Total System Head) - Total head when the pump is running ; Static Suction Head - Head on the suction side, with pump off, if the head is higher than the pump impeller. Static Suction Lift - Head on the suction side, with pump off, if the head is lower than the pump impeller. Static Discharge Head - Head on discharge side of ...

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• ### Centrifugal Pump Introduction | Engineering | Global Pumps

2021-5-13 · Remember, head is the height that a column of fluid would rise from the pump’s discharge port due to the kinetic energy transfer from pump to fluid as the fluid traverses the pump. As long as the fluid being pumped is Newtonian (fluids whose shear strain responds linearly to shear stress), the pump’s performance is best described by the ...

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• ### How To Read A Centrifugal Pump Curve

2020-10-21 · 7. EFFICIENCY. When selecting the best pump for an application, efficiency is an important factor. On the pump curve, efficiency is the ratio of energy delivered by the pump to the energy supplied to the pump. The higher the efficiency, the less energy required to operate for a specific performance point. Pump efficiency numbers of 60-80% are ...

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